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The ancient Roman road which crosses the Emilia Romagna enabled the Roman army to move quickly and reach the city of Placentia.Via Emilia was born in ancient Rome as a Roman road. Built between 189 and 187 BC by the consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus.The road was built to connect directly with Piacenza Rimini during the period of “Placentia” was surrounded by the Gauls defeated the Romans that if they refused to make peace with Rome and threatened riots. Rome, therefore, decided to build a convenient way to quickly get the army up to Placentia ready to suppress any form of revolt of the Gauls.Then, several years later, the road was extended from Milan to Piacenza.The most important cities crossed by the Via Emilia and those re-establish the foundation of Rome by the Romans, are: Caesena (Cesena), Forum Popili (Forlimpopoli) Forum Livii (Forlì), Faventia (Faenza), Forum Cornelia (Imola), Bononia (Bologna ) Mutina (Modena), Regium Lepidi (Reggio Emilia), Tannetum (Ilario d’Enza), Fidentia (Bicester), Parma, Placentia (Piacenza).Via Emilia joined together two important Roman roads: the Via Emilia, which departed from Rome and arrived in Rimini (colony founded in 268 BC) and the way Postojna, who arrived at Piacenza Aquileia.Even today, the Roman Via Emilia is the main artery of Emilia Romagna (the region which took its name from the street). Via Emilia is a wide and comfortable road, mostly straight, a typical feature of Roman roads.
The Romans started to build long straight roads for military, commercial and political, were necessary for the growth of their empire because it allowed the Roman army to move quickly.Via Aurelia, linking Rome to the Cerveteri, leading subsequently to Vado Ligure (Vada Sabatia) and went along the Tyrrhenian Sea through the north, what is now Lazio, Tuscany and the southern part of Liguria, arriving in Genoa.Its construction is due to the Console Aurelius Cotta, who had it from the catacombs where, in 1644, Urban VIII built Porta San Pancrazio, to replace the old door.Aurelius Cotta began work in 241 BC and to him, with acceptable hypothesis, as it should. This was what we today call the Old Aurelia: Aurelia Vetus but it seems that due to the first barbarian invasions, the road maintenance is missing and soon became uncomfortable.Walking the Via Aurelia, in addition to being able to admire beautiful areas, such as those where there are the remains of Trajan or Dora Villa Pamphili, you can take all the part of Italy entering the Maremma and enjoy the Mediterranean shrub rich mastic, heather and sainfoin or pine.There still graze the old Maremma oxen, deer, roe deer and wild boar, not to mention the birdlife nutritissima so dear to lovers of the sea, flying in those skies.The climate is mild and the scenery becomes spectacular when BEGIN to see the steep Ligurian coast, stretching down to the sea, while behind the Alps dominate.
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