Japan’s Eco-design And Recycling Of Household Appliances Operating System – Home Appliances,

.tags HC plastic mesh News: China’s laws, regulations did not provide Home Appliances Manufacturers to establish the obligations of home appliance treatment plants, treatment plants are not explicitly required appliance must process the information fed back to the appliance maker. In order to promote recycling of household electrical appliances mechanism for the formation of the proposed policy should be made clear in the treatment plant to the home appliance home appliance manufacturer feedback obligations.

Japan since April 1, 2001 implementation, “Home Appliance Recycling Law” has, in eco-design and recycling of household appliances has accumulated many successful experiences, established effective operational mechanism, the waste of resources appliances recycling of hazardous substances including recycling, destruction, formed a set of home appliances recycling model. Ecological Design

Japanese home appliances, recycling five aspects of the operating mechanism characteristics.
1.’s Proposal to ” Electronic Waste treatment plant “as the production of new resources,” renewable raw materials production plant “as a new idea. Under the domination of this idea, e-waste treatment plant to set up factories in purpose as the production of renewable raw materials, through the development of appropriate technology, in material to prevent the spread of environmental risk under the premise of continued production of renewable raw material to develop new ways to maximize the quality of recycling.

2. Preparation, “Evaluation of recycling home appliances Manual (Guidelines)”, guide the home appliance producers, eco-design, evaluation of new products. The evaluation manual appliances considered the environmental impacts throughout the life cycle, a large set of 14 evaluation projects, further divided into 45 small evaluation of the project, each evaluation of the project corresponding evaluation criteria and evaluation methods, appliance designers can follow the characteristics of different products, choose a number of evaluation projects on the evaluation of recycled products.

Order to check the recycling of new products, good or bad, and previously produced by the same family, contrast with the standard product evaluation methods, the evaluation of the selected results of quantitative evaluation of the project for the comprehensive evaluation of the scores were compared, and to image, intuitive radar that out. Designers in accordance with the radar map, to find the direction of new product design improvements. Shows that it is a product of the prior evaluation design reflects the idea of pollution prevention, and also improve the relevant laws and regulations can be a powerful tool interoperability.

3. To develop waste home appliances recycling targets and timely adjustment.
“Home Appliance Recycling Law” was first introduced in Japan under the Home Appliance Recycling targets are: 50% of refrigerators and freezers, washing machines 50%, CRT TV 55%, 60% of air conditioning. In 2007, the Japanese actually achieved recycling targets are: 73% of refrigerators and freezers, washing machines 82%, CRT TV 86%, 87% air-conditioning, are much higher than the specified value.

2007, Japan recovered abandoned refrigerators, freezers, washing machines, CRT TV, air conditioning total of 12.11 million units; renewable use of resources, iron 146,800 tons, 13,300 tons of copper, aluminum and 09,600 tons, non-ferrous, iron, etc. mixture of 58,800 tons, 68,300 tons of cathode ray tube glass, and other items of value, 81,600 tons.

2008 year, Japan revised its “Home Appliance Recycling Law”, which targets the new recycling requirements are: 60% of refrigerators and freezers, washing machines, dryers 65%, CRT TV 55%, flat panel TV (LCD, PDP) 50%, 70% air.

4. Abandoned appliances to process information feedback, harmonious design for the implementation of the environment (DfE) explored a practical model. Japan is also home appliances appliance maker processor, designed for the implementation of environmental harmony, home appliances home appliance manufacturer to design personnel to electronic waste treatment plant, run 5-day seminar. Appliance designers on-site dismantling obsolete practice of home appliances to find the key to improving the design, efforts to promote design for disassembly (DfD), and for new product design. For example, to the washing machine Polypropylene Duplication within the barrel for recycling, to reduce the process of washing detergent, softener, etc. on the barrel wall material due to deterioration of immersion, to improve the design of a company will be evenly distributed in the drum wall of the hole to move the upper barrel.