Image from page 830 of “Florists’ review [microform]” (1912)
Title: Florists’ review [microform]
Year: 1912 (1910s)
Publisher: Chicago : Florists’ Pub. Co
Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Digitizing Sponsor: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
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DISEASED OUTDOOB BOSES. Will you please tell me what is the matter with my roses? As you will see from the enclosed specimen, brownish black spots appear on the branches and soon the leaves wither. The plants are in my garden and the ground is rich, made so by manure from a henhouse. ,1 mulched them with stable manure last fall. This spring I applied acid phos- phate and cottonseed meal, at the rate " about 500 pounds to the acre. They ar&-well cared for and I cannot imagine why they should not do well. J. E. J.—Ga. The piece of rose branch submitted indicates that the trouble is due to the land being altogether too rich. The branch shows a soft, sappy growth, which would be extremely susceptible to disease, especially during a period of heavy rains and dark weather. Hen manure is particularly harsh on any kind of plants. This manure, together with the acid phosphate and other fer- tilizers applied within so short a time, has caused the plants to take up more nourishment than they can safely as- similate. If the land had any life in it in the first place, the mulching of stable manure would have been enough enrichment for the time stated. The writer would advise the inquirer to apply crushed limestone liberally to the land and cultivate freely. M. P. BLACK SPOT ON BOSES. Besides growing my regular crop of miscellaneous pot plants, I am now try- ing to grow a few roses and I am anx- ious to know what is the cause of black spot on roses and what is the best rem- edy for it. Can you also recommend a book on the commercial culture of roses under glass and tell me where I can purchase itf J. M.—N. Y. Black spot is a fungous disease and is most destructive during the summer. It is induced or favored by the condensa- tion of moisture on the plants during the night. Hence the best preventives are ventilation and scrupulous cleanli- ness. As the fungus spends the winter on fallen leaves, these should be col- lected &ni burned late in the fall or early in the spring, so as to remove
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the source of infection. The unwhole- some dampness ‘should be avoided by careful ventilation at night, with the occasional use of a small amount of fire heat. A tendency toward the dis- ease may sometimes be checked by run- ning the house at a high temperature and applying some quick-acting ferti- lizer, so as to promote a rapid growth and the formation of new foliage. But, in addition to all these precau- tions, sprayings with a copper solution, such as ammoniacal copper carbonate, are likely to be necessary. Several ap- plications of this solution, at intervals of a week or ten days, may be needed. Bordeaux mixture is effective, but coats and disfigures the leaves. If the disease is in an advanced stage, the only cure may be to prune the plants back hard and start a growth of new, clean foliage. A practical book on rose growing is "Commercial Bose Culture," by Eber Holmes. It may be secured through The Beview and the price is $1.50. KKOXVILLE, TENN. The Market. Things were extremely dry until a few days ago, when fine growing showers came and made everything take on new life. No one could complain of business during the last few weeks. There has been a continuous demand for flowers and all the flower stores have been busy. The supply of outdoor stock is not so plentiful as it was a fortnight ago. However, gladioli will soon begin to ap- appear and the situation will be some what relieved. Already florists have begun to cut some of the earlier varie- ties. On account of the extremely hot weather, greenhouse stock is not of ex- tra good quality. There is a fair cut of roses and the demand for them is good. Kaiserin and Columbia are the best, while Ophelia and Hoosier Beauty do fairly well. Carnations are small and it will only be a short time until the old stock will be thrown out and replaced with new. Al- ready the planting of carnations is well under way. Sweet peas, though not of BO good quality as they were, are still in evidence and come in handy for bouquet and design work. They are gradually giving way to swainsona, which is of extra good quality this sea- son. There is a scarcity of orchids and, luckily, the demand has not been great. There is little if aay change in prices. Boses bring from $2 K) $6 per dozen; carnations, $2 per dozen; sweet peas, $2 to $3 per hundred; snapdragons, $1.50 to $3 per dozen; orchids, $1.50 to $2 each. The demand for bedding stock is about over, and it is well that it is, for the supply of plants is about exhausted. Seed trade has also quieted down con- siderably. Various Notes. C. L. Baum recently purchased a Bee- man garden tractor to be used in the cultivation of bulbs at the farm. This is the first Beeman tractor to be used here, and it is proving most satisfac- tory. It was on display at the store for a few days and attracted consider- able attention. May 31 being the close of the fiscal year of this firm, the office force has been busy closing up the year’s business and making the income and corporation tax returns. The ypar just closed has been a most successful one, showing something like a fifty per cent increase in the amount of sales over that of any previous year. Miss Ava Quillen is spending her vacation with relatives in Virginia. A. H. Dailey reports business good. While the plant season is about over, he still has a few good plants to offer. He has some excellent ferns on display in one of his show windows. He is be- ginning to cut some asters and gladioli. Prospects for a good crop are fine. Mrs. W. E. Eyno is closing out a most successful season in the bedding plant business. Addison J. McNutt is cutting some fine Kaiserin roses, also some choice Columbia and Bussell. He reports that business is satisfactory, with no com- plaint to make except that occasionally the demand is so heavy that stock runs short. Charles W. Crouch is keeping busy. He had the order for the bouquet for the wedding of Miss Williams and Ser- geant Alvin C. York, of Pall Mall, Fen- tress county, Tenn., known as "the greatest hero of the war." The wed- ding took place at the mountain home of Segt. York, June 7. The ceremony was performed by M. S. Boberts, gov- ernor of Tennessee. Practically every county and community of the state was represented at the wedding and the ceremony, though simple and in keep- ing with the mountain customs, was beautiful. The bride carried a hand- some shower bouquet of bride’s roses and swainsona. I. Bosnoski, representing the Henry F. Michell Co., of Philadelphia, was in the city recently. B. E. M. BOSTON. The Market. Until June 12 the market was decid- edly weak, but on the closing days of last week flowers braced up nicely and, while no fancy prices were obtained, clearances wer^ much better. Cooler weather helped business somewhat, also a number of graduations, weddings and tag days in Brockton, Lynn and other cities, which used up a large quantity of flowers. Eoses are arriving much in- ferior in quality compared with a fort- night ago, but are selling better than almost any other flowers. Carnations have varied from 50 cents to $2 per hun- dred of late, some fancies reaching $3. They are getting much smaller, and
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