Sinsheim – Technikmuseum Sinsheim – Aeroflot Tu-144D CCCP-77112 04
The Tupolev Tu-144 (NATO name: "Charger’") was the first commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST). It was one of only two SSTs to enter commercial service, the other being the Anglo-French Concorde. The design, publicly unveiled in January 1962, was constructed in the Soviet Union under the direction of the Tupolev design bureau, headed by Alexei Tupolev.
The prototype first flew on 31 December 1968 near Moscow, two months before the first flight of Concorde. The Tu-144 first went supersonic on 5 June 1969, and on 26 May 1970 became the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2. The frequent comparisons to Concorde led to the Tu-144 being known as "Concordski" in the West.
A Tu-144 crashed in 1973 at the Paris Air Show, delaying its further development. The aircraft was introduced into passenger service on 1 November 1977, almost two years after Concorde. In May 1978, another Tu-144 (an improved version, named Tu-144D) crashed in a test flight while being delivered, and the passenger fleet was permanently grounded after only 55 scheduled flights. The aircraft remained in use as a cargo plane until 1983, by which point a total of 102 commercial flights had been completed.
The Tu-144 was later used by the Soviet space programme to train pilots of the Buran spacecraft, and by NASA for supersonic research.
´While several Tu-144s were donated to museums in Moscow Monino, Samara and Ulyanovsk, at least two Tu-144D remained in open storage in Moscow Zhukovsky.
Tu-144S, tail number 77106, is on display at Central Air Force Museum of Russia in Monino. Maiden flight was on 4 March 1975, the final one on 29 February 1980. The plane was used to assess the effectiveness of the air-conditioning systems and to solve some problems on the fuel system. It can be considered the first production aircraft, being the first to be equipped for commercial use and delivered to Aeroflot. The first operational flight was on 26 December 1975 between Moscow and Alma-Ata carrying cargo and mail. This aircraft was the first SST to land on a dirty runway when she was retired to Monino .
Another Tu-144, tail number 77107, is on open display in Kazan. The plane was constructed in 1975 and was a production model intended for passenger use. However, it was only used during test flights. On 29 March 1976 it made its last flight to Kazan.
TU-144S, tail number 77108, is on display in the museum of Samara State Aerospace University. It made its maiden flight on 12 December 1975, and its final flight on 27 August 1987. Development works on navigation system were made in this aircraft as well as flight-director approach.
TU-144S, tail number 77110, is on display at the Museum of Civil Aviation in Ulyanovsk. Maiden flight occurred on 14 February 1977, the final Flight on 1 June 1984. This aircraft was the second of the two planes used for regular passengers’ flights on Moscow – Alma-Ata route. In 1977 it flew to Paris to take part in the XXXII Paris Air Show at Le Bourget Airport. This was the last appearance of a Tu-144 in West Europe. CCCP-77110 was the last plane produced of the model Tu-144S, powered with Kuznetsov NK-144A engines. In the first half of 2008 the cabin was open for visits and between August and September was restored and painted in the original Aeroflot livery .
The only Tu-144, tail number 77112, on display outside the former Soviet Union was acquired by the Auto & Technikmuseum Sinsheim in Germany, where it was shipped – not flown – in 2001 and where it now stands, in its original Aeroflot livery, on display next to an Air France Concorde.
By Daniel Mennerich on 2014-07-17 13:27:32
Art exhibitions and auctions which took place recently showed that Russian contemporary art is one of the most promising and dynamic emerging sectors of the world’s art market, and the exhibition “Counterpoint, Contemporary Russian Art” in the Louvre Museum (Paris, France) which started on October 14, 2010 and lasts until January 15, 2011 is another striking demonstration of this fact. The exhibition was organized by the National Center of Contemporary Art in Moscow and the Stella Art Foundation (on the Russian side) and the Louvre Museum (on the French side).
“Counterpoint, Contemporary Russian Art” is the first exhibition in the Louvre of Russian artists who are alive at the time of the exhibition, something which is particularly significant since the Louvre has no department dedicated to Russian art. Twenty Russian artists were chosen for inclusion by the curator, Marie-Laure Bernadac, and they include such famous contemporary artists as: AES+F (an art group that works in the genre of installation, photographs and sculpture); Vadim Zakharov (a representative of Moscow Conceptualism); Erik Bulatov (one of the founders of Soviet Pop Art movement); Blue Noses (an art group that developed the “national contemporary art” project); Avdeu Ter-Oganian (creator of the “Inspection, Medical Hermeneutics” art group) and others.
Another exhibition of Russian contemporary art, “Modernikon: Contemporary art from Russia,” was opened in Turin, Italy on September 23, 2010. This exhibition includes young but promising Russian artists. Last year in London a new foundation was established, “Calvert 22.” The main task of Calvert 22 is to present contemporary art and culture from Russia and Eastern Europe.
These exhibitions show Russian contemporary art to the rest of the world. However there are not so many places where Russian people can see contemporary art in Russia itself. The biggest contemporary art centers in Russia are: The Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow (established in 2008 in Moscow, in a building that was constructed in 1926 for the parking of public buses); The Moscow Center for Contemporary Art (opened in Moscow in 2007 in the building of an old brewery); The National Center for Contemporary Art (which was founded in 1992 with a head department in Moscow and 4 departments in other Russian cities); The “Pushkinskaya-10” Art Center (which began its work in 1989 in Saint Petersburg and is oriented towards noncommercial art).
Russia is the largest country in the world, with a long history and many traditions. Its influence on the world can’t be overrated and art is not an exception. If there is a Russian art exhibition in your city don’t miss it, and if you want to buy a piece of contemporary artwork you might want to take a look at Russian art.
Art-mine.com is the premier online marketplace for contemporary art by various artists.